A Complete Guide to IVF (In Vitro Fertilization)

A Complete Guide to IVF (In Vitro Fertilization)

A Complete Guide to IVF (In Vitro Fertilization)

Comments Off on A Complete Guide to IVF (In Vitro Fertilization)

In Vitro Fertilization or IVF is referred to as ART or assisted reproductive technology which is basically the process of fertilization by retrieving a sperm sample, extracting eggs, and then combining sperm and an egg in a laboratory dish manually. The embryo(s) is then relocated to the uterus. Other forms of assisted reproductive technology include ZIFT or zygote intrafallopian transfer and GIFT or gamete intrafallopian transfer. Hence, the entire process of fertilization is carried outside and afterward the embryo is implanted into the uterus. A complete In Vitro Fertilization usually takes around couple of weeks of time. With so many IVF centers around, it is important to get the procedure done in the best IVF centre in India as this ensures lesser risk and best outcome.

Why is IVF used?

In Vitro Fertilization is used to treat infertility in the below mentioned patients such as

  • Damaged or blocked fallopian tubes
  • Male factor infertility such as sperm motility or decreased sperm count
  • Women with no fallopian tubes
  • Women with premature ovarian failure, ovulation disorders, uterine fibroids
  • Inexplicable infertility
  • Individuals with a hereditary disorder
  • A non functional uterus in the women
  • Any disorders such as the periods are missing or is very scanty where a very small number of eggs are available for fertilization

In all of these situations a discussed above, In Vitro Fertilization can be one of the ideal options for getting conception and have a biological offspring.

Steps involved in IVF and embryo transfer process

There are basically five steps that are involved in IVF and embryo transfer process such as:

  • In the first step, fertility medications are suggested as this help to stimulate egg production. Several eggs are preferred as all eggs will not fertilize after retrieval. A transvaginal ultrasound is carried out to inspect the ovaries, and blood test samples are taken to test hormone levels.
  • In the next step the eggs are extracted through a simple surgical procedure. Medication is administered to lessen and eliminate potential discomfort.
  • The male is then asked to produce a sample of sperm to combine with eggs.
  • Then the insemination process takes place in which eggs and sperm are mixed together and kept in a laboratory dish to encourage fertilization. The eggs are then closely monitored to ensure that cell division and fertilization are taking place.
  • After the eggs get fertilized, they are regarded as embryos which are then transferred to the uterus by using a catheter.

Common side effects of in vitro fertilization

Even though side effects usually do not occur in IVF but there are few types of discomfort which a woman might face after the procedure such as:

  • Mild cramping
  • Passing a small amount of fluid which may be blood tinged or clear
  • Breast tenderness
  • Constipation
  • Mild bloating

However, in case a woman happens to experience serious complications such as blood in urine, heavy vaginal bleeding, pain in the pelvic area, fever etc. then it is extremely important to consult with the doctor without wasting any time.

Apart from this as there are certain medications administered to the woman after the completion of the process for the purpose of countering some of the side effects if experienced such as:

  • Mood swings
  • Headaches
  • Abdominal pain
  • Abdominal bloating
  • Hot flashes

Risks associated with IVF

Since this is a medical procedure, there are a number of potential risks associated with it such as:

  • Faintness
  • Decreased urinary frequency
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Severe pain in stomach and bloating
  • Shortness of breadth
  • Weight gain

Besides this, there some other risks associated with IVF as well such as

  • The rates of miscarriage increase with maternal age.
  • Egg extraction may cause risks of infection, damage, and bleeding to the bladder or bowel.
  • Risk of ectopic pregnancy increases wherein the fertilized egg implants outside the uterus and is not feasible.
  • Chances of multiple pregnancy increases which includes risk of premature deliveries and low birth weight
  • Emotional problems and psychological stress are common in couples

Success rate of vitro fertilization

The success rate of IVF is based on several factors such as maternal age, reproductive history, lifestyle factors and the cause of infertility. It is also therefore vital to understand that pregnancy rates are not the similar as live birth rates.

The number embryos that can be created or transferred

The number of embryos which are transferred usually depends on the maternal age and number of eggs collected. The rate of implantation usually reduces as women age and thus more eggs may need to be implanted based on age to increase the possibility of implantation. Moreover, a larger number of eggs transferred may increase the chances of having a multiples pregnancy. Therefore, it is very much important to talk with the doctor prior to the procedure so that both of them can agree on how many embryos to implant.

In case the woman cannot produce healthy eggs or if the man is sterile, then what

In such cases, the couple may choose to use donor sperm, eggs, or embryos. But, ensure to talk with a counselor knowledgeable with donor problems. It is important that the couple is well informed about a range of legal issues associated with gamete donation which may include the legal rights of the donor as well.

Conclusion

Prior to getting the IVF procedure done, most couples choose to explore more traditional or over the counter efforts and in case one is trying to get pregnant and in search of resources to support their efforts, then should at first consult with a gynecologist regarding the same. This will offer them the right guidance in the long run. Once the couple decides to go for In Vitro Fertilization or IVF, then it is important for them to look for a well-known clinic with expert doctors as this will guarantee best outcome and a hassle free process. IVF is certainly one of the most favored techniques for the treatment of infertility as it gives positive results and has an outstanding success rate as well.

Danny White

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